The news of sexual abuse of 50 children in Chitrakoot in Uttar Pradesh has once again sparked a debate on child pornography. Thousands of children fall to child pornography every year in India, and this latest case has once again raised questions about what India is doing to protect its children.

In Chitrakoot, a junior engineer has been arrested for sexually abusing children and selling their videos on Darkweb. The name of the accused is Rambhavan, who has been arrested from Banda and now sent to jail. According to reports, this engineer was carrying out this incident for the last 10 years.

Pedophiles like Rambhavan (people who are sexually attracted to children) are not just in one city, but their business is spread across the country. According to reports, the accused Rambhavan used to sell this video to many people in the country and abroad as well.

Many arrests this year

Recently two major cases have also been reported from Kerala and Maharashtra. After the lockdown, in April, Maharashtra Home Minister Anil Deshmukh had told that Maharashtra Police had loaned 133 FIRs in child pornography cases and arrested 46 people in it. Apart from this, 47 people were arrested in the case of child pornography in Kerala in June this year. The Kerala Police also seized 140 electronic devices from these accused. In this case, the Kerala Police was continuously raided.

Consumption of child pornography increased in lockdown

The India Child Protection Fund found that child pornography consumption in India increased by 95% in lockdown. At the same time, there was an increase in internet search in the big cities of the country under the names’ child porn, ‘sexy child’ and ‘teen sex video’. The Commission for Protection of Child Rights had also sent notices to Google, Facebook and WhatsApp, seeking its reply.

According to a report by The Indian Express, India had a tie-up with the US-based non-profit organization National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) last year. NCMEC learns about online child pornography content through citizens, service providers and software. As of January this year, India had received 25,000 reports of child sexual abuse material (CSAM) cases.

Most online CSAM from India

According to a report by The Hindu in April 2020, online child sex abuse material (CSAM) was found to be the most from India. In this global list, three of the top four countries were from South Asia.

India at first – 11.7%
Pakistan on second – 6.8%
Bangladesh at fourth – 3.3%

NCRB figures

According to the latest NCRB data in January, 39,827 cases were registered in India under the Pocso Act in 2018, that is, 109 cases per day. According to the 2017 data (32,608 cases), it was a jump of around 22%. At the same time, there were about 21,605 cases of rape, out of which 21,401 cases were of rape of girls and 204 of rape of boys.

What is the law in India?

Child pornography and its related offenses are covered under the Poxo Act in India. To curb this, the government changed its definition last year. The Union Cabinet amended the Poxo Act to widen the scope of child pornography crime. After the amendment, any visual depiction of sexually explicit conduct involving a child that used photographs, videos, digital or computer-made photographs was considered child pornography.

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