On September 7, US President Donald Trump claimed that “16 million jobs have been created in four months” in the US. Trump has not presented the exact picture of the facts about employment in America in his tweet.

Reports show that, in fact, their record has been the worst since World War II in terms of creating new jobs in America during their time. In the US, the unemployment rate is almost equal to the post-2008 recession.

Which data did Trump share?

On September 4, according to data released by the US Department of Labor’s, Labor Statistics, non-farm payroll employment in the US increased by 1.4 million in August. According to the data, non-farm payroll employment increased by 1.8 million in July, 4.8 million in June and 2.5 million in May.

(Non-farm payrolls do not count farm workers, private workers working in households and employees working in non-profit organizations.)

As the numbers above show, the total number of jobs created in the US in the last four months is around 10.5 million – around President Trump’s claim of 10.6 million.

However, Trump said only one thing in his tweet and ignored other facts and data, which present a bigger picture.

What is the condition of jobs in America?

Job recovery in America slowed down in August. Jobs created in August (1.4 million) were much lower than in July (1.8 million) and June (4.8 million).

According to CNN, what Trump did not mention in his tweet was that despite creating 10.6 million jobs, the US has been lacking 11.5 million jobs since February.

In March, non-farm payroll employment came down to 701,000, according to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. At the same time, non-farm payroll employment declined by 20.5 million in April.

According to CNN, data from the Labor Department until August, the US economy has been lacking by 4.7 million jobs since January 2017, when Trump took over as US president.

Unemployment rate: Trump forgot to tell

Unemployment problem is not ending in America, which is among the developed countries of the world. According to the Labor Department’s August data, the unemployment rate in August in the US was down from 1.8% to 8.4%, but despite a four-month decline, it is 4.9% higher than in February.

In April, the unemployment rate reached 14.7 percent. Due to the COVID-19 epidemic and lockdown order, it saw an increase of 10.3 percentage points. According to the Labor Department, this is the highest rate in its history and the biggest increase in a month.

It means that in 1948, when the monthly unemployment figures were being recorded, it is the worst record ever.

However, it has been steadily falling since then, 13.3 percent in May, 11.1 percent in June, and 10.2 percent in July, but the August rate (8.4 percent) has gone below 10 percent for the first time since March 2020. Incidentally, after the recession of 2008, 10 percent was the peak of unemployment in October 2009.

And it can be noted here that when Trump took office in January 2017, when the unemployment rate was 4.8 percent, then the current rate is still 3.6 percentage points higher than that.

Also, when the unemployment rate fell in August, there was a considerable difference between the major worker groups in the US. Labor department data show that while it was 7.3 percent for whites, 13.0 percent for blacks, 10.5 percent for Hispanics and 10.7 percent for Asians.

At the same time, while the number of unemployed fell by 2.8 million to 13.6 million in August, this is higher than the 7.8 million in February. Meanwhile, the number of permanent job losses also increased to 3.4 million from 534,000 in August.

Some other statistics on employment
The August figures of the Labor Department also reveal some more things on the employment situation. In new jobs in August, employment in the government increased to 344,000 and it increased the over-the-month gain by a quarter.

However, of this, 251,000 were in the federal government, which showed that 238,000 temporary 2020 census employees have been hired. After the completion of census work, these employees are likely to be fired. At the same time, total government employment is still 831,000 less than the February level.

The retail trade added 249,000 jobs in August, but still 655,000 fewer jobs than in February. Employment in professional and business services increased by 197,000, but half of this was in temporary help services (107,000), and employment in the sector is still 1.5 million below the February level.

Similarly, the laser and hospitality sector saw an increase in August (174,000). Despite a total of 3.6 million new jobs in the sector in the last four months, jobs are down 2.5 million compared to February.

The employment situation in other sectors like education and health services, transport and warehousing, manufacturing, financial activity is also much lower than February.

According to a CNN report, before the elections, Trump’s record for employment is the worst compared to all other presidents. These records are up to the second world war.

After seeing all these data, the question arises whether the jobs situation in the US economy is as good as Trump is saying in his tweet? The reality is that America’s job market is still in crisis.

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