Soon after assuming office, US President Joe Biden announced an ambitious decide to tackle global climate change – a crucial a part of his election agenda. Among the chief orders he signed last Wednesday, one among the foremost significant orders deals with global climate change.
During his campaign for the presidential elections, Biden proposed a $2 trillion spending decide to affect global climate change that has promoting clean energy and climate-friendly infrastructure.
As per a study published by the Pew research facility in June 2020, over two-thirds of usa citizens think that the govt should do more on global climate change |temperature change”> global climate change and about 63 per cent of usa citizens believe that climate change affects their local communities.
In November last year, Biden named John Kerry, who served as Secretary of State under former President Barack Obama and is one among the leading architects of the Paris Climate Agreement, as his special presidential envoy for global climate change . His appointment was significant because it was seen as Biden’s commitment to stay his promise to figure on global climate change .
Under former President Donald Trump’s administration, the US officially left the Paris deal just each day after the overall elections on November 4, 2020. However, since being appointed President, Biden has already written to the UN requesting that the US rejoin the agreement.
On January 26, the UNDP released a report supported the “largest survey of public opinion” on global climate change that included 1.2 million respondents from 50 countries. one among the main findings of this survey was that even during the pandemic, there was widespread recognition of global climate change as a worldwide emergency in every country surveyed, the report says. The 50 countries include India, UK, US, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Australia, Sri Lanka et al. .
What is Biden’s plan on climate change?
In his first address because the presidential climate envoy, Kerry said last week that “we really don’t have a moment to waste” which “failure isn’t an option” when it involves global climate change . He also spoke of the road ahead, which incorporates creating “millions of middle-class jobs”, improving the standard of air and improving the lives of citizens everywhere the planet .
The order signed by Biden on Wednesday establishes climate considerations as a crucial a part of US policy and national security, which suggests understanding the consequences of global climate change on security and integrating climate considerations in international work.
Significantly, one among the broad goals of the global climate change agenda under the Biden administration is to achieve a gentle growth in clean energy employment. In his first address, Kerry mentioned that within the US, over 3.3 million new workers are put into clean energy jobs within the last five years which India has seen a five-fold increase in clean energy jobs over an equivalent period.
Biden also cancelled the Keystone XL pipeline project on his first day in office. The pipeline project was the proposed fourth phase of the Keystone Pipeline network between Canada and therefore the US, which aims to chop short the space between Alberta’s oil sands and therefore the Texas Gulf Coast , where most of North America’s refineries are situated. the primary three phases of the project are complete and carry 5.5 lakh barrels of oil a day from Canada to the US via a extended route.
Different groups opposed this project including environmentalists who argued that if the pipeline was built it might increase North America’s reliance on fossil fuels and Native Americans opposed it since they feared that the pipeline construction would affect water supplies upstream. There was also opposition from residents of the state of Nebraska where leaks from the pipeline could threaten the Ogallala Aquifer, among the world’s largest freshwater reserves which provides beverage to twenty lakh people in eight US states.
As per the Centre for Law, Energy and Environment at Berkeley Law, the Biden administration can reverse nearly 200 rollbacks initiated by the Trump administration, which include repealed light bulb efficiency standards for general service incandescent lamps, reversing the revocation of an Obama-era order designed to preserve the ocean, coastal and Great Lake waters, resuming payments to the Green Climate Fund, a UN program to assist poorer countries reduce carbon emissions (the US had pledged $3bn) and reversing a proclamation that reduced the dimensions of monuments from 85 per cent to 50 per cent, leaving the remainder of the world hospitable mining, oil and gas drilling.
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