The condition of India is very pathetic at this time. Followers of one religion are known enemies of followers of another religion. Now, one religion has to be a staunch enemy of another religion.
When the situation is like this than who can save our country. In such a situation, the future of India seems very bleak. These ‘religions’ have lost the fleet of India. It is not known when these religious riots will leave India.
These riots have defamed India in the eyes of the world. We have seen that everyone gets carried away by this superstition. There is hardly any Hindu, Muslim or Sikh who keeps his mind cool. In order to uphold the glory of their nameless religion, all the other people of this religion hold poles, sticks, swords and stabs in their hands and die by mutilating their heads. Others are hanged and some are thrown in jails. Due to so much bloodshed,
It is seen that communal leaders and newspapers are behind these riots. At this time, the leaders of India have made such a move that is silent. The leaders who want the best of all from the heart are very few. There has been such a flood of communalism that they are also unable to stop it.
The other gentlemen who have been taking a special part in inciting communal riots are newspaper people. The business of journalism was once considered very high. Today it has become very dirty. These people provoke people’s feelings by giving big headlines against each other. Not only in one or two places, there are riots in many places because the local newspapers wrote big provocative articles. There are very few writers whose heart and mind have remained calm even on such days.
The real duty of the newspapers was to educate, remove parochialism from the people, remove communal sentiments, promote mutual reconciliation and create a common nationality of India. But they have made their main duty to spread ignorance, propagate parochialism, communalize, create fights and destroy India’s common nationality. This is the reason that considering the present state of Bharatvarsha, tears of blood start flowing from the eyes and the question arises in the heart that ‘What will India become?’
Those who known the vigor and rise of the days of non-cooperation, see this situation and cry. Where were the glimpses of the freedom of that day? Where is this day that Swarajya has become a dream ? This is the third benefit that the rioters have got from these riots. Whose existence was threatened that today went, gone tomorrow, the same bureaucracy has strengthened its roots so much that it is not ordinary task to move it.
If we find the root cause of these communal riots, then we know the reason for this is economic. During the days of non-cooperation, politicians and journalists made many sacrifices. His financial condition had deteriorated. At the slowing of the Non-Cooperation Movement, there was a mistrust of the leaders, which led to the loss of business of many communal leaders today. Whatever work happens in the world, there is definitely a question of stomach in its fold. This is one of the three major theories of Karl Marx. It is due to this principle that the organization of tablig, tankeem, purification etc. started, and for this reason today we have such a plight which is indescribable.
Simply, if there can be any cure for all the riots, then it can only be done by improving the economic condition of India. In fact, the economic condition of the common people of India is so bad that one person can humiliate someone else by giving them a penny. Fearful of hunger and misery, man puts all principles on hold. But it is very difficult to get economic reform in the present situation because the government does not allow the situation of the people to improve.
That is why people should follow it and do not breathe peace until the government changes. Class-consciousness is needed to prevent people from fighting mutually. The poor, toiling masses and peasants should clearly explain that your real enemies are the capitalists. Therefore, you should stay away from their gimmicks and do nothing to climb their arms. The rights of all the poor of the world, irrespective of their caste, color, religion or nation, are the same.
Therefore, it is in your good interest that you unite by eliminating religion, color, race and nationality and discrimination of the country and try to take the power of government in your hands. Nothing will harm you with these efforts, it will cut your chains someday and you will get financial freedom.
In these riots, however, very disappointing news is heard. But one thing came up in the Calcutta Riots. That is, the workers of the trade union did not participate in the riots there, nor were they intertwined. All Hindu and Muslims kept on getting with great love and also tried to stop the riots. This happened because there was class consciousness among them. He knew his class interest very well. This is the beautiful path of class consciousness, which can stop communal riots.
The martyrs of 1914–15 separated religion from politics. They believed that religion is a personal matter of the individual. There is no interference of the other in this. Nor should it enter politics because it does not allow to work together in one place. Therefore, movements like the Ghadar Party should remain united and united in which Sikhs climbed over the Fansi and Hindu-Muslims were not left behind.
At this time some Indian leaders have also come into the field who want to separate religion from politics. It is also a beautiful cure for quarrel and we support it. If religion is separated, we can all gather on politics. Regardless of religions, we may live separately. We believe that the true sympathizers of India will definitely consider our treatment and will save us from the suicides that are happening in India at this time.
(Excerpt from Bhagat Singh’s article in ‘Kirati’ published in June 1928)