Babasaheb was a Bahujan political leader, and a Buddhist revivalist, who gave the immortal slogan and the Constitution of India his full name is Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. He is also known as Babasaheb. He was born on 14 April 1891 in a small village in Madhya Pradesh. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar’s father’s name was Ramji Maloji Sakpal and mother’s Bhimabai. Born as the fourteenth child of his parents, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was a born genius.

Bhimrao Ambedkar was born in the Mahar caste, which was considered untouchable and extremely low class. In childhood, the family of Bhimrao Ambedkar (Dr.B R Ambedkar) was deeply discriminated socially and economically. Bhimrao Ambedkar’s childhood name was Ramji Sakpal. Ambedkar’s ancestors worked in the army of the British East India Company for a long time and his father was in the Mau cantonment of the British Indian Army. Bhimrao’s father always insisted on the education of his children.

In 1894, Bhimrao Ambedkar’s father retired and two years later, Ambedkar’s mother died. The children were looked after by their aunt in difficult circumstances. Only three sons of Ramji Sakpal, Balaram, Anandrao and Bhimrao and two daughters Manjula and Tulasa survived in these difficult conditions. Among his brothers and sisters, only Ambedkar succeeded in the school examination and after that he was able to go to the good school. At the behest of one of his teacher Mahadev Ambedkar who had special affection for him, Ambedkar removed Sakpal from his name and added Ambedkar which was based on his village name “Ambavade”.

Ambedkar kept his political vision in front of the world during an exploited class conference on August 8, 1930,

After India’s independence on August 15, 1947, a new Congress-led government came into existence, they invited Ambedkar to serve as the country’s first law minister, which he accepted. On 29 August 1947, Ambedkar was appointed to the post of the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee for the creation of the new Constitution of independent India. On 26 November 1949, the Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution.

Ambedkar was suffering from diabetes since 1948. He remained very ill from June to October 1954, during which he suffered from clinical depression and weakening eyesight. Babasaheb Ambedkar  died on 6 December 1956.

In 1990, posthumously, Dr. Ambedkar was awarded the “Bharat Ratna”, the highest civilian award in the country.

His multifaceted brilliance and scholarship is also reflected in his thoughts,


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