Rightly said “Change is the only constant in the world” .Its applicable to everything .If we dont get updated, we will get outdated and finally get terminated.These words are highly relevant to this competitive business world where one company’s loss is another firm’s gain.So to sustain, firms keep on evolving.So how India firms are faring in this competition to sustain,especially IT firms of India who have to compete with international organizations from developed nations who have been operating with latest technologies to boost their productivity to maximum.Agile technology is one of those . So can the implementation of agile bring the Indian IT firms to the international level with foreign companies?

Let’s know how agile is different from traditional waterfall delivery systems. While waterfall model is a linear system where the development of software happened in stages and is more rigid and based on documentation, Agile is a more collaborative approach. Work is incremental and the focus is on rapid delivery. The client is involved throughout the project development stage. Since it is a collaborative approach method, even cubicles are replaced by a more collaborative workspace.

Why is Agile the need of the hour for the Indian firms?

➢ New digital startups disrupting Indian IT companies’ delivery model
➢ IT firms need to expedite their process to deliver their clients faster results
➢ Silo system is outdated,it delays the project
➢ Working in cross functional teams while being in silo system makes the project completion lengthy

Agile works essentially on two aspects: 1) the idea to market strategy and 2) the Minimum Viable Product (MVP) concept. When there is a new idea, the objective is to get it out to the market asap as a product because it is foolish to assume that no one else will have the same idea. Fundamental to this is the strategy to create the product with the features that would most likely be in demand in the market and can quickly gain traction. This is where the concept of MVP comes in. It is because of these two factors that Agile has become the backbone of all startup initiatives.

Agile is used in the software industry primarily to create software applications. Rewind upwards and companies need IT applications either to generate revenue or save costs.Agile works best but only if the objectives are clearly defined in the business case document. If the objective is creating revenue, the business case should clearly define which features of the application would result in maximum generation of revenue. . Even in the case of the objective being to save on expenses, the same rule applies. Develop those features of the application that would create maximum savings and integrate the application into the environment quickly.

Agile also defines a role called Scrum Master whose primary objective is to manage the sprint backlog and the sprint sessions. The role also has the responsibility of keeping all management overheads away from the development team so that they are not distracted and can fully focus on developing the product. In this way, it filters all the noise away from the team, takes away the heat from all meetings and management overheads, manages the work loads and allows them to work freely. This did help significantly to finish the tasks required to complete setting up of the team.

Challenges on the path of implementation:

➢ Large workforce of IT companies make it difficult for the firm to bring all on them into a single platform and also is capital intensive
➢ Clients, who hold the purse strings have to be ready for the change too
➢ Agile cannot be used in all projects

Enterprises, which have global and outsourced operations, could not afford to put all the people in a project in one room to work together. An added cost for the Indian IT industry was placing more employees at company locations, often abroad.

The agile way is aimed at taking away the uncertainty around the end product, by deploying software in stages. For example, a company wants a transportation solution. In the old model, it would spend years building the entire car and then giving it to the client. Then comes feedback, adjustment and realigning. In the agile way, the engine and seats would be made first. The cushions, windshield wipers and other add-ons come later. The basic goal would be met at each stage (sprint).

Indian IT firms are starting to see better results because of its agile platform. A project related to regulatory changes can now be completed in just nine months compared to three years in the old model.It eliminates a lot of work. Things such as management communication, PowerPoint presentations and all of that are not required because everyone is well informed now.

All the three Indian IT giants have agreed that agile is the way of evolution for their firms. Agile , not only helps in project deliverables but it is going to change the organizational structure of IT firms. Agile development helps in delivering projects faster in its digital operations. Indian IT firms are large , hence challenges will be there for agile but it’s “better to adapt than to become extinct” .

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